The department for Communities and Local Government ‘s (CLG) produce Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) to gain a better understanding of the scale and type of deprivation experienced by people in different areas across the country. The indices measure a number of factors (income, employment, health, education, barriers to services, the environment and crime) to capture the spread of issues which contribute to people’s quality of life. Individual aspects of deprivation in any one area can then be separated out and measured individually.  

These scores are calculated every 5 years, with the next scheduled release in 2020.

Nationally, the Fair Society Healthy Live’s report, also known after its author, the Marmot Review produced in 2010, outlines proposals for reducing inequalities in relation to health.


The index of Multiple Deprivation, commonly known as the IMD is the most widely used of the indices of Deprivation and ranks every small area in England from 1(most deprived) to 32,844 (least deprived are). These small areas are known as Lower-layer Super Output Areas (small areas designed to be of similar population size with an average of approximately 1,500 residents or 650 households.


The 2015 IMD score for Wokingham Borough as is 5.59; this puts Wokingham as the least deprived upper tier local authority in the country.  The map below shows the levels of deprivation across Wokingham Borough at LSOA level, and how it relates to the wider surrounding authorities.  


Figure 1: Index of multiple deprivation, 2015 at LSOA level

Index of deprivation

Source: Department for communities and local government, 2015


It is also possible to analyse the IMD scores at ward level, Shinfield North has the highest score of 10.90 closely followed by Arborfield (9.34), Bulmershe and Whitegates (9.25), Norreys (8.82) and Finchampstead South (7.76).


Locally whilst Wokingham is the least deprived upper tier local authority in the country, inequalities exist within the Borough.