Migration

Migration

Migration is the sum of the number of people who move into or out of an area. This is useful in estimating the change in population over time and is one of the factors considered by the Office of National Statistics in deriving population estimates in the years following a national census.

There are 2 broad types of migration. The first, international migration, looks at the number of people moving into an area from overseas and out of an area to overseas. The second form of migration, internal migration, looks at the number of people who move from one part to another part of the UK. The Office for National Statistics use estimates of these 2 forms of migration as part of their calculation of the increase or decrease in the number of people living in an area from one year to another.


The most recent data on migration data were published in August 201, (latest report is available on the Office for National Statistics website.)

Net long-term international migration increased between 2013 and 2014: this increase was statistically significant and the highest on record.


 61% of EU citizens immigrating for work had a job to go to. 39% were intending to look for a job on arrival. Employment of both EU and non-EU national increased from the previous year: 3/4 of the growth in overall employment was accounted for by foreign Nationals there was an increase of 10% on the number of asylum applications between 2014 and 2015. There was a realtively low number of application compared to the peak number received in 2002. The largest number of applications for asylme can from nationals of Eritrea, Pakistan, and Syria


 Source: Office for National Statistics 

Chart showing migrant GP registrations per thousand residents in Wokingham

Table 1 Migrant GP Registrations Per thousand residents population - Wokingham

 

An estimated 22,000 people living within Wokingham Borough were born outside of the UK, this represents 14.01% of the population. 

 

When analysing both internal and international migration both factors have had an influence on the increasing population of the Borough. 

International migration is the larger of the two influencing factors.  In 2013/14 international migration into the Borough was 1202 and international migration out of the Borough was 743 this has resulted in a total net international migration of 459.

 

Secondary to this internal migration saw 9760 people migrating in the Borough in 2013/14 and 9670 out of the Borough which has resulted in a net internal migration of 90.

 

There have been 1305 new national insurance registrations in 2014 and 1510 new GP registrations in 2013/14 for migrants living in Wokingham Borough. Table1 shows that a noticeable increase of migrant population registering with a GP in Wokingham is reported during the year 2013-2014 comparing with the previous years.

 

When looking at table one the graph illustrates the increasing turnover rate of international migration for Wokingham Borough.  This is also the case for England and the South East. 

 

Table 2: International migration turnover rate per thousand resident population for Wokingham Boroug

Migration turnover in Wokingham

In comparison to table 2, the turnover rate per thousand resident population for internal migration in Wokingham Borough has stayed quite constant with a slight decrease.This is very similar when compared to England, whilst the South east shows a very slight increase. 

 

Table 3: Internal migration turnover rate per thousand resident population in Wokingham Borough

Migration population Wokingham

What is this telling us?

These tables display that following the current trends international migration is going to continue to have an larger influence over the migration in Wokingham Borough and following the current trend this influence is going to increase.

However, although an increase of migrants registration with GPs had been shown in table 1; economic migration maybe dominant in Wokingham Borough as the number of asylum seekers and refugees is still relatively low.  

Population

Ethnicity

 

This chapter had been last updated  on the 24th of October 2016

ONS, 2015 - http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/taxonomy/index.html?nscl=Local+Area+Migration+Indicators%20-%20tab-data-tables