Infant mortality

Infant mortality

Infant mortality is an important health indicator as it offers supposition of the general population’s health. Data on stillbirth and infant mortality is reported nationally and broken down to allow accurate reports for individual local authorities. 

Definitions and data

The figures obtained are averaged over 3 years, as numbers are small which makes it difficult to identify trends or patterns in data. The collected data is expressed as a rate: 

  • The number of deaths per 1,000 births each year for stillbirths
  • The number of deaths per 1,000 live births each year for neonatal and infant mortality

 The definition of infant mortality is used across the world and is split into three categories:

  • Stillbirth- applies to a baby born after 24 weeks gestation of pregnancy, who shows no signs of life at birth
  • Neonatal Mortality- applies to a baby that dies before 28 days of age
  • Infant Mortality- applies to a baby that dies before a year of age

 

Facts and figures

Read the infant mortality facts and figures (PDF document)