Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem (Levey and Coresh, 2012.)
People with CKD will have kidneys that are diseased, damaged, or ageing in some way. It is a long term condition. This means that CKD is amongst a group of conditions that cannot be cured but can be controlled through various treatments and lifestyle changes. CKD affects the kidney’s structure and functions which include
- The filtering of waste products from the blood
- A role in blood pressure control
- Maintaining the bodies chemical balance
- Producing the active form of Vitamin D in order to keep bones healthy
- Stimulation of the production of red blood cells (NHS Choices)
CKD can be detected with routine tests of blood and urine (NHS Choices). If these and other markers of kidney disease show damage to the kidneys lasting over three months then a diagnosis of CKD will be given.